Land and Environment Court > Types of cases > Class 4: judicial review and civil enforcement

Class 4: judicial review and civil enforcement                


Proceedings in Class 4 are of two types:

  • civil enforcement, usually by government authorities, of planning or environmental laws to remedy or restrain breaches 
  • judicial review of administrative decisions and conduct under planning or environmental laws.

Class 4 proceedings are case managed in a Class 4 List by the List Judge on a Friday.


The List Judge makes appropriate directions for the orderly, efficient and proper preparation for trial. Applications for urgent or interlocutory relief can be dealt with at any time by the Duty Judge.

Class 4 proceedings are heard by a judge.

The practice and procedure governing Class 4 proceedings is described in the Practice Note - Class 4 Proceedings.





Fast facts  


In 2017, Class 4 matters were 10% of the Court's finalised caseload.

Of the Class 4 matters finalised in 2017:

61% were civil enforcement proceedings initiated by local councils

32% involved judicial review proceedings.

7% were other other matters.

In 2017, 65% of Class 4 matters were finalised by alternative dispute resolution processes and negotiated settlement, without the need for a court hearing.

In 2017, 88% of Class 4 matters were finalised within 16 months of commencement. The median completion time was 132 days.

This website is being updated to comply with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0.